A dental bridge is a artificial tooth that is used to fill the space created by missing tooth or teeth. A space between your teeth can be potentially risky to your dental health, as it can cause your teeth to shift/extrude resulting in a change in your occlusion that could be painful.
Dental bridges help alleviate this problem by using the one or two surrounding teeth as abutments to hold a false tooth in the place where the gap is. Usually, porcelain crowns are placed over the surrounding teeth, and the false tooth, known as a pontic, is fused between them (traditional fixed bridges). Another type of dental bridge is when metal wings are bonded to the surrounding teeth with resin and used to hold an artificial tooth in place. This type of bridge is typically used in areas of the mouth that undergo less stress, such as the front teeth and is called resin-bonded bridge.
Dentures fill the spaces created by lost/missing teeth, and also help the facial and jaw muscles to work properly so that you can eat, speak and smile normally.
Dentures are made out of a plastic acrylic base that supports fabricated teeth. The base is shaded to match the natural colour of your gum tissue, and the teeth are usually made of porcelain or plastic. Dentures are tailored to match the structure and form of your mouth, and will help maintain the look and structural shape of your face. We make your dentures in cooperation with best quality dental labs, and shape them to exact proportions based on custom impressions of your mouth.
Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A partial dentures cover only part of your mouth. These appliances do not only fill in the gaps created by missing teeth, it also prevent other teeth from changing their positions. Partial denture stays in place with clasps that secure to your adjacent natural teeth. Their modification (precision partial dentures) could have internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns and are also removable. This is a more natural-looking appliance.
Partial dentures also could be made out of a plastic acrylic base that supports fabricated teeth. The very popular and more comfortable alternatives in recent years are chrome cobalt metal based or flexible partial dentures. Chrome partial denture base is made out of metal alloy framework which fits behind the teeth. Usually tooth clasps are added to hold the denture securely in place. The framework behind the teeth is much thinner than acrylic dentures, so chrome dentures tend to be more comfortable and secure than acrylic dentures.
Flexible partial dentures are made out of a thermoplastic nylon resin (called polyamides). Flexible partial dentures (i.e Valplast®) provide a solution for patients who can’t or don’t want to use regular dentures. The important advantage is that they aren’t brittle, so they’re less likely to shatter if they’re dropped. They adhere to the gums well and don’t require denture adhesive or metal clasps to hold them in place and are less likely to be dislodged by chewing. They are comfortable and lightweight, helping patient become accustomed to their dentures often very quickly. They are also more aesthetic as flexible material is clear and allows the natural gum colour to show through. It could also be used for patient with allergy to acrylic resin, nickel or other materials in traditional dentures.
In the past, dentures and fixed bridges were the only options to help fill in the spaces, but in recent years dental implants have become a popular alternative, partly because of their supreme aesthetics and function. Bridges and dentures do not stimulate the alveolar bone and this can lead to bone level reduction over time and change in your natural facial contours. Dental implants allow you to maintain your existing bone. A patient with dental implant regains the ability to eat virtually anything, knowing that teeth appear natural and that facial contours will be preserved. Dental implants can potentially look indistinguishable from your real teeth. Patients with dental implants can smile with confidence.
Once the implants are in place and with proper care, they will serve you well for many years. This means taking the time for good oral hygiene (brushing and flossing) and keeping regular appointments with your dentist.
Dental veneers are a thin, semitransluscent tooth shaped “shell” that are custom made of porcelain. They are permanently bonded to your natural teeth in order to enhance their shape, colour, length or size. Veneers can improve the appearance of teeth with large restorations, teeth that are discoloured, misshaped or misaligned, chipped, cracked or with unattractive shape.
In Gretna Dental Practice we can offer colour matching, highly aesthetic veneers.
Sometimes in order achieve best aesthetic result, dental crowns can be recommended. In Gretna Dental Practice we offer options of bright, translucent, white tooth-coloured porcelain based crowns in cases of:
• non satisfactory aesthetics of large tooth restoration
• restoring shape and function of teeth after root canal treatment
• to save a tooth that has been so damaged by decay that it can’t support a filling
• stubborn tooth discoloration or defective enamel
• teeth chipped, cracked or with unattractive shape
• to restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn down
• Protect the teeth of a child at high risk for tooth decay, especially when a child has difficulty keeping up with daily oral hygiene.